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Periodontics & Gum Health

When it comes to patients who are suffering from gum disease, regardless of stage or severity, Marine Dental Clinic's dental team is able to offer periodontal treatments to help restore their oral health.

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Periodontics at Marine Dental Clinic in North Vancouver

What is Gum Disease?

One of the most common oral health issues patients come in with is gum (periodontal) disease.

Despite your best efforts to maintain excellent oral health with at-home care, gum disease can still happen. 

Your gums serve as a seal around your teeth, protecting the sensitive root areas. Gum disease occurs when there is infection in the tissues that support the teeth. When plaque collects and hardens on the teeth, it can eventually impact the gums. 

Gum Therapy and Grafting

One of the gum disease treatments offered at Marine Dental Clinic includes gum grafting, surgical intervention to help prevent long-term health impacts from periodontitis. In this procedure, a dentist transplants a bit of gum from the roof of your mouth to an area where your gums have receded.

The tissue is attached with a special glue that adheres and protects the new graft so healing can take place. The specialized glue also protects the roof of your mouth. 

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Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease is a progressive condition. This means that leaving it untreated can allow it to progress to later stages, with more serious consequences for oral and overall health. Stages of gum disease include: 

  • Gingivitis

    Bacteria that hasn't been removed from gums and teeth can grow out of control and produce toxins that irritate the gums. 

    When calculus, also known as plaque, develops along the gum line, it forms a rough surface where plaque builds up. This causes irritation and swelling, resulting in bad breath or sore, bleeding gums. 

    Spaces between gums and teeth pockets can develop, but no bone damage occurs in this mild, reversible stage of periodontal disease. 

    Regular hygiene cleanings and exams are critical for maintaining the health of your gums. They also give your dentist the chance to check for developing gum disease.

  • Periodontitis

    Plaque (sometimes calculus) is the most common cause of periodontitis and is found under the gum line. This can lead to a breakdown in the ligaments, causing the gum to detach and pull away from the teeth. 

    As the pockets deepen, they fill with more bacteria and the bone's supportive ligaments start to become damaged, resulting in loose teeth. 

  • Advanced Periodontitis

    The advanced stage of periodontitis leads to deep pockets that sometimes fill with pus. there may be swelling around the root and more bone loss, leading to loose teeth. 

    Tooth extraction may be a necessary remedy to preserve your general oral health. 

The Gum Disease Treatment Process

Our dentists are able to work to identify and treat gum disease in our patients by identifying and diagnosing the symptoms listed below in order to begin treatment.  

  • Symptoms of Gum Disease

    Sometimes, you won't notice any symptoms of gum disease. But some patients may experience symptoms including: 

    • Receding gums
    • Bleeding in your gums 
    • Persistent bad breath
    • Red or purple gums
    • Sore or swollen gums 
  • Diagnosis

    To diagnose gum disease, your dentist will measure the depth of pockets surrounding each tooth. Pockets deeper than 3 mm are considered hazardous and will usually need treatment. 

    Attending regular dental exams gives your dentist the opportunity to detect gum disease early and take preventive measures. 

  • Treatment

    To treat gum disease, we remove bacteria and substances that get caught in pockets around your teeth. The removal of these bacteria requires great skill, as the process occurs on a microscopic level. Our dental team has the training and skills required to effectively remove the bacteria. 

    The process of eliminating bacteria typically requires multiple visits to our office. Once bacteria has been removed, your dentist must clean and maintain these pockets on a regular basis. Otherwise, bacteria can start to damage the bone. 

  • Long-Term Care

    Generally, once you have had gum or periodontal disease, you will always need to pay extra attention to your oral health. 

    In addition to practicing diligent hygiene at home, you'll need to see us for regular cleanings to prevent the bone in your mouth and jaw from receding. 

    After the initial issue is treated, we will recommend you attend periodontal maintenance appointments every 3 to 4 months. 

Periodontal Specialists for North Vancouver Patients

If your periodontitis is advanced, we refer patients to the Periodontists at Proactice Periodontics in Burnaby for specialized treatment and management of periodontal (gum) disease.

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New Patients Welcome

Our dental team at Marine Dental Clinic is passionate about welcoming patients both new and old to our dental office for care that is designed to meet their needs. Get in touch with us to book your next appointment.

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